The Definition of Design, in the Words of Charles Eames

Design Q&A
Source for transcribe:

Questions by: Mme. L. Amic
Answers by: Charles Eames


Mme. L. Amic: What is your definition of “Design”, Monsieur Eames?
Charles Eames:One could describe design as a plan for arranging elements to accomplish a particular purpose.

Mme. L. Amic: Is Design an expression of art?
Charles Eames:I would rather say it’s an expression of purpose. It may, if it’s good enough, later be judged as art.

Mme. L. Amic: Is Design a craft for industrial purposes?
Charles Eames:No, but design may be a solution to some industrial problems.

Mme. L. Amic: What is the boundaries of Design?
Charles Eames:What are the boundaries of problems?

Mme. L. Amic: Is Design a discipline that concerns itself with only one part of the environment?
Charles Eames:No.

Mme. L. Amic: Is it a method of general expression?
Charles Eames:No, it is a method of action.

Mme. L. Amic: Is Design a creation of an individual?
Charles Eames:No, because to be realistic one must always recognize the influence of those that have gone before.

Mme. L. Amic: Is Design a creation of a group?
Charles Eames:Very often.

Mme. L. Amic: Is there a Design ethic?
Charles Eames:There are always design constraints and these often imply an ethic.

Mme. L. Amic: Does Design imply the idea of products that are necessarily useful?
Charles Eames:Yes, even though the use might be very suttle.

Mme. L. Amic: Is it able to cooperate in the creation of works reserved solely for pleasure?
Charles Eames:Who would say that pleasure is not useful?

Mme. L. Amic: Ought form to derive from the analysis of function?
Charles Eames:The great risk here is that the analysis may be incomplete.

Mme. L. Amic: Can the computer substitute for the Designer?
Charles Eames:Probably, in some special cases but usually the computer is an aid to the designer.

Mme. L. Amic: Does Design imply industrial manufacture?
Charles Eames:Not neccessarily.

Mme. L. Amic: Is Design used to modify an old object through new techniques?
Charles Eames:This is one kind of design problem.

Mme. L. Amic: Is Design used to fit up an existing model so that it is more attractive?
Charles Eames:One doesn’t usually think of design in this way.

Mme. L. Amic: Is Design an element of industrial policy?
Charles Eames: If design constraints imply an ethic and if industrial policy includes ethical principles then yes, design is an element in industrial policy.

Mme. L. Amic: Does the creation of Design admit constraint?
Charles Eames:Design depends largely on constraints.

Mme. L. Amic: What constraints?
Charles Eames:The sum of all constraints. Here is one of the few effective keys to the design problem: the ability of the designer to recognize as many of the constraints as possible, his willingness and enthusiasm for working within these constraints. The constraints of price, size, strength, balance, time and so forth. Each problem has its own peculiar list.

Mme. L. Amic: Does Design obey laws?
Charles Eames:Aren’t constraints enough?

Mme. L. Amic: Are there tendencies and schools in Design?
Charles Eames:Yes, but these are more a measure of human limitation than of ideals.

Mme. L. Amic: Is Design ephemeral?
Charles Eames:Some needs are ephemeral, most designs are ephemeral.

Mme. L. Amic: Ought Design to tend towards the ephemeral or towards permanence?
Charles Eames:Those needs and designs that have a more universal quality tend toward relative permanence.

Mme. L. Amic: How would you define yourself with respect to a decorator? An interior architect? A stylist?
Charles Eames:I wouldn’t.

Mme. L. Amic: To whom does Design address itself: to the greatest numbers? To the specialsts or the enlightened amateur? To a priviledged social class?
Charles Eames:Design addresses itself to the need.

Mme. L. Amic: After having answered all these questions, do you feel you have been able to practice the profession of “Design” under satisfactory conditions, or even optimum conditions?
Charles Eames:Yes.

Mme. L. Amic: Have you been forced to accept compromises?
Charles Eames:I don’t remember ever being forced to accept compromises but I have willingly accepted constraints.

Mme. L. Amic: What do you feel is the primary condition for the practice of Design and for its propagation?
Charles Eames:A recognition of need.

Mme. L. Amic: What is the future of Design?

[What do you readers think? Where is the future of Design?]

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